# Mathematics

Giorgio Parisi’s work, which won him a share of the 2021 Nobel Prize in physics, has a surprisingly wide range of applications.

A long-accepted study on the optimal size of national legislatures faces a challenge.

Optimally cutting lots of complex shapes from a sheet of dough is even harder than many researchers suspected.

A simple equation based on a series of experiments from the 1950s still serves as the rule of thumb for estimating road damage.

Here's how researchers are working to harvest energy from unconventional sources such as falling droplets of water -- and the math behind it.

By overlapping materials with periodic properties, scientists can detect features otherwise too small to be seen directly.

Yamir Moreno studies how human networks spread COVID-19 and other diseases.

Explore the applications of state-of-the-art clocks -- and the math that describes their performance and limitations.

The braided ribbon on a maypole can be analyzed using a type of math called group theory.

Ranked choice voting and vote-by-mail could be used more widely to improve the chances that votes will represent the electorate’s wishes.

Some states still fall behind in election security for the midterms.

Researchers found that adding a full twist made it possible to break spaghetti in half.